UVB lighting is a type of artificial light that is commonly used in reptile habitats to provide the ultraviolet light that reptiles need for their health and well-being. UVB light is an essential component of a reptile's environment because it helps to regulate their metabolism, calcium absorption, and immune system.
Reptiles require UVB light in order to produce vitamin D3, which is necessary for proper bone growth and development. Without UVB lighting, reptiles may suffer from metabolic bone disease, which can result in weakened bones, deformities, and even death.
UVB lighting for reptiles typically comes in the form of fluorescent bulbs or compact fluorescent bulbs, and they should be positioned in a way that allows the reptile to bask under the light for several hours each day. The exact amount of UVB lighting needed will depend on the species of reptile, as well as their size and the size of their enclosure.
It's important to note that UVB bulbs degrade over time and should be replaced every 6-12 months, even if they still appear to be working. Additionally, the distance between the UVB light and the reptile should be carefully monitored to ensure that the reptile is receiving the appropriate amount of UVB radiation without being exposed to excessive heat or light.